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In popular use, beat can refer to a variety of related concepts including: Rhythm in music is characterized by a repeating sequence of stressed and unstressed beats often called "strong" and "weak" and divided into bars organized by time signature and tempo indications.
Metric levels faster than the beat level are division levels, and slower levels are multiple levels. Beat has always been an important part of music.
Some music genres such as funk will in general de-emphasize the beat, while other such as disco emphasize the beat to accompany dance. As beats are combined to form measures, each beat is divided into parts.
The nature of this combination and division is what determines meter. Music where two beats are combined is in duple meter , music where three beats are combined is in triple meter.
Music where the beat is split in two are in simple meter, music where the beat is split in three are called compound meter.
Divisions which require numbers, tuplets for example, dividing a quarter note into five equal parts , are irregular divisions and subdivisions.
Subdivision begins two levels below the beat level: The downbeat is the first beat of the bar , i. The upbeat is the last beat in the previous bar which immediately precedes, and hence anticipates, the downbeat.
This idea of directionality of beats is significant when you translate its effect on music. The crusis of a measure or a phrase is a beginning; it propels sound and energy forward, so the sound needs to lift and have forward motion to create a sense of direction.
An anticipatory note or succession of notes occurring before the first barline of a piece is sometimes referred to as an upbeat figure, section or phrase.
The term anacrusis was borrowed from the field of poetry , in which it refers to one or more unstressed extrametrical syllables at the beginning of a line.
The second and fourth are weaker—the "off-beats". Subdivisions like eighth notes that fall between the pulse beats are even weaker and these, if used frequently in a rhythm, can also make it "off-beat".
The effect can be easily simulated by evenly and repeatedly counting to four. As a background against which to compare these various rhythms a bass drum strike on the downbeat and a constant eighth note subdivision on ride cymbal have been added, which would be counted as follows bold denotes a stressed beat:.
So "off-beat" is a musical term, commonly applied to syncopation that emphasizes the weak even beats of a bar, as opposed to the usual on-beat. This is a fundamental technique of African polyrhythm that transferred to popular western music.
According to Grove Music, the "Offbeat is [often] where the downbeat is replaced by a rest or is tied over from the preceding bar".
A back beat , or backbeat , is a syncopated accentuation on the "off" beat. In a simple 4 4 rhythm these are beats 2 and 4.
A rhythm in which the regular pattern of accents of the prevailing meter is contradicted by a conflicting pattern and not merely a momentary displacement that leaves the prevailing meter fundamentally unchallenged— New Harvard Dictionary of Music A hyperbeat is one unit of hypermeter , generally a measure.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Beat acoustics and Beat disambiguation. Not to be confused with Beat music. For other uses, see Upbeat disambiguation.
For other uses, see Backbeat disambiguation. This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and footnoting.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Music portal Dance portal. See Also Synonyms at defeat. Cookery cookery sometimes foll by: Metallurgy sometimes foll by: Hunting to scour woodlands, coverts, or undergrowth so as to rouse game for shooting.
General Physics intr physics of sounds or electrical signals to combine and produce a pulsating sound or signal.
Nautical Terms intr nautical to steer a sailing vessel as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing. Ecclesiastical Terms beat the bounds Brit formerly to define the boundaries of a parish by making a procession around them and hitting the ground with rods.
Pop Music the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music, usually grouped in twos, threes, or fours. General Physics physics the low regular frequency produced by combining two sounds or electrical signals that have similar frequencies.
Horology horology the impulse given to the balance wheel by the action of the escapement. Poetry prosody the accent, stress, or ictus in a metrical foot.
Nautical Terms nautical a course that steers a sailing vessel as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing. Sociology modifier, often capital of, characterized by, or relating to the Beat Generation: Making reservations beats waiting in line.
It beats me how he got the job. To hit is usu. To pound is to give heavy and repeated blows, often with the fist: To strike is to give one or more forceful blows suddenly or swiftly: To thrash implies inflicting repeated blows as punishment, to show superior strength, or the like: We won the game easily.
The French defeated the English troops. To make a mixture smooth and aerated by rapidly turning it using a hand beater, electric mixer, wire whisk or spoon.
Switch to new thesaurus. To hit heavily and repeatedly with violent blows: To punish with blows or lashes: To indicate time or rhythm , as with repeated gestures or sounds: To make rhythmic contractions, sounds, or movements: To shape, break, or flatten with repeated blows: To mix rapidly to a frothy consistency: To win a victory over, as in battle or a competition: To be greater or better than: To make incapable of finding something to think, do, or say: To be projected with blinding intensity: To turn or drive away: A stroke or blow, especially one that produces a sound: A periodic contraction or sound of something coursing: The patterned, recurring alternation of contrasting elements, such as stressed and unstressed notes in music: An area regularly covered, as by a policeman or reporter: Schlag schlagen hauen klopfen Revier.
She beat me in a contest. My heart is beating faster than usual. A conductor beats time for an orchestra.
I like the beat of that song. We beat the price down; We beat him down to a good price. The old man beat off the youths who attacked him; He beat the attack off easily.